AB 19:85-95 (2013)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00520

Otolith elemental and Sr isotopic composition as a natal tag for Biwa salmon Oncorhynchus masou subsp. in Lake Biwa, Japan

Yosuke Amano1,*, Masayuki Kuwahara2, Toshiro Takahashi3, Kotaro Shirai1, Kodai Yamane4, Hiroshi Amakawa5, Tsuguo Otake1

1International Coastal Research Center, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan
2Lake Biwa Museum, Oroshimo-cho, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-0001, Japan
3Institute for Research on Earth Evolution (IFREE), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan
4Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan
5Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan

ABSTRACT: We examined the elemental and Sr isotopic composition of otoliths from Biwa salmon Oncorhynchus masou subsp., an endemic subspecies of the O. masou complex in the Lake Biwa (Japan) water system, to evaluate the usefulness of otolith chemistry as a natural tag for studying homing and migration history. Fish and water samples were collected from 5 major spawning rivers and 2 hatcheries. The elemental content relative to calcium (Na/Ca, Mg/Ca, K/Ca, Mn/Ca, Sr/Ca, and Ba/Ca) and Sr isotopic ratio (87Sr/86Sr) of the samples were analyzed using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and thermal ionization mass spectrometry, respectively. Significant variations in otolith and water sample chemistry were detected. We also observed significant relationships between the Sr/Ca, Ba/Ca, and 87Sr/86Sr ratios of otoliths and those of ambient water samples from which the fish were collected. The other elemental ratios and all elemental concentrations in the otoliths showed variations independent of water chemistry. Jackknife cross-validation using quadratic discriminant function analysis showed that otolith elemental composition could classify Biwa salmon juveniles by sampling location, with a high level of accuracy (mean 79%). The mean accuracy increased to 89% when Sr isotopic ratios were combined with elemental data. This study thus demonstrated the suitability of otolith chemistry for determining fish distribution. Otolith chemistry successfully revealed the natal (hatching) locations of individual fish, facilitating further understanding of migration history and habitat use, which are essential for establishing effective fishery management strategies for this Near Threatened subspecies.


KEY WORDS: Biwa salmon · Otolith · Elemental composition · Sr isotopic ratio


Full text in pdf format  
Cite this article as: Amano Y, Kuwahara M, Takahashi T, Shirai K, Yamane K, Amakawa H, Otake T (2013) Otolith elemental and Sr isotopic composition as a natal tag for Biwa salmon Oncorhynchus masou subsp. in Lake Biwa, Japan. Aquat Biol 19:85-95. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00520

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
- -