AB 24:101-108 (2015)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00640

Temperature-dependent effects of PFOS on risk recognition and fast-start performance in juvenile Spinibarbus sinensis

Ji-Gang Xia, Yi-Jie Ma, Wu-Mei Guo, Li Huang, Shi-Jian Fu*

Laboratory of Evolutionary Physiology and Behavior, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Animal Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, 401331 Chongqing, PR China
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a synthetic chemical substance that has become a ubiquitous environmental contaminant. It has been used in both industrial and consumer applications for over 50 yr, resulting in high levels of contamination worldwide. The potential ecotoxicity of PFOS has recently become a focus of interest and concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of PFOS on risk recognition and escape performance of juvenile qingbo Spinibarbus sinensis. Fish were exposed to a range of PFOS concentrations (0, 0.32, 0.8, 2 and 5 mg l-1) at different temperatures (18 and 28°C) for 4 wk, at which point their antipredator behavior and fast-start swimming performance were assessed. We found that PFOS exposure caused qingbo to increase the time they spent in the ‘risky area’ (the area of the experimental aquarium closest to the predator tank) and reduce their average distance from the predator, as well as resulting in a noticeable increase in latency time and a significant decline in maximum linear velocity, maximum linear acceleration and escape distance. Many of these effects were more pronounced at the higher temperature. Our results indicate that exposure to PFOS could have deleterious effects on survival-related behavior in fish.


KEY WORDS: Risk recognition · Fast-start · Ecotoxicology · Perfluorooctane sulfonate · PFOS · Temperature


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Cite this article as: Xia JG, Ma YJ, Guo WM, Huang L, Fu SJ (2015) Temperature-dependent effects of PFOS on risk recognition and fast-start performance in juvenile Spinibarbus sinensis. Aquat Biol 24:101-108. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00640

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