AME 20:157-165 (1999)  -  doi:10.3354/ame020157

Effect of different nitrogen/phosphorus nutrient ratios on the toxin content in Alexandrium minutum

Christian Béchemin1,*, Daniel Grzebyk1, Fatima Hachame1, Christian Hummert2, Serge Y. Maestrini1

1Centre de Recherche en Ecologie Marine et Aquaculture de L'Houmeau (CNRS-IFREMER), BP 5, 17137 L'Houmeau, France
2Institute of Nutrition and Environment, University of Jena, Dornburger Str. 25, 07743 Jena, Germany

ABSTRACT: Alexandrium minutum (strain AM89BM) was grown in semi-continuous culture (0.2 volume d-1) in N-limiting (NO3:PO4 = 1.6 and 3.16), in P-limiting (N:P = 160 and 80), and in N- and P-balanced (N:P = 16) media. Daily supplies of limiting nutrients were taken up until exhaustion; most residual concentrations before renewal were near the detection limits. Samples were taken during 2 separate periods: Days 5 to 12 and 26 to 36. During both periods, cells grew at the real rates of 0.23 division d-1 in the N:P balanced medium, while the growth rate was decreased in all N:P <16 or >16 media during the first period, and only in the N:P = 1.6 medium during the second period. Cells grown in N-limiting media contained 1/3 less PON and 1/2 less chlorophyll a than cells grown in the N:P balanced condition. The POP content per cell did not vary significantly. In contrast, PON:POP ratios in cells grown in P-limiting conditions were over 50. Thus, cells grown in the 2 N:P <16 conditions were nitrogen-deficient, while cells grown in N:P = 80 and 160 conditions were nitrogen-surfeit. The toxin content in cells greatly changed according to the N:P regime. Cells grown at N:P balanced conditions showed an average total paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) content of 1.24 fmol cell-1. In N-limiting conditions, cells contained ca 3 times less toxin, with mean values of 0.41 to 0.45 fmol cell-1. In contrast, cells grown in P-limiting conditions contained on average 3.5 and 7 times more toxins than under balanced N:P conditions; 4.31 fmol cell-1 in the N:P = 160 medium and 8.01 fmol cell-1 in the N:P = 80 medium.


KEY WORDS: Alexandrium minutum · Toxin content · PSP · Nitrogen deficiency · Nitrogen excess


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