AME 22:155-162 (2000)  -  doi:10.3354/ame022155

Temperature dependence of bacterial specific growth rates on the continental shelf of the East China Sea and its potential application in estimating bacterial production

Fuh-Kwo Shiah1,*, Gwo-Ching Gong2, Tzong-Yueh Chen1, Chung-Chi Chen3

1PO Box 23-13, Institute of Oceanography, and
3PO Box 23-19, National Center for Ocean Research, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
2Department of Oceanography, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keeloung, Taiwan, ROC

ABSTRACT: To decipher the relative importance of temperature and substrate supply in regulating the spatial patterns of bacterial production and specific growth rates, field surveys in the continental shelf of the East China Sea and on board substrate (dissolved free amino acids) enrichment experiments were conducted in December 1997 and March 1998. The results suggested that there was a shift from temperature dominance inside the mid-shelf to substrate supply dominance outside the mid-shelf controlling the spatial variability of bacterial growth during the cold seasons. The Q10 values for bacterial specific growth rates () derived from the winter (Q10 = 3.4 ± 0.3) and the spring (Q10 = 3.3 ± 0.3) were very similar and comparable with the values derived from other estuarine and coastal ecosystems (Q10 = 3.1 to 3.4). Such a consistent relationship between temperature and allows one to use sea-surface temperature (SST) and depth-integrated bacterial biomass to model depth-integrated bacterial production (IBP) inside the mid-shelf of the East China Sea. The versus temperature curve, ln = -0.42 + 0.122 (± 0.02) ξ SST, derived from a previous study in the southern East China Sea was used to simulate IBP. The total difference between the measured IBP and the simulated IBP is <20%.

KEY WORDS: Continental shelf · East China Sea · Kuroshio · Q10 · Heterotrophic bacterioplankton · Remote sensing · Modeling

Full text in pdf format