AME 51:13-21 (2008)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01183

Diversity of algal viruses in various North American freshwater environments

Steven M. Short*, Cindy M. Short

Department of Biology, University of Toronto Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road North, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada

ABSTRACT: To examine algal virus (Phycodnaviridae) genetic diversity in freshwater environments, gene fragments were cloned and sequenced from a river and a reservoir in Colorado, USA, and 2 different lakes in Ontario, Canada using PCR methods that target a diverse subset of known Phycodnaviridae DNA polymerase genes. Numerous phycodnavirus gene sequences were obtained from every sample, and rarefaction analysis of the sequence libraries demonstrated that virus richness was variable among different sample locations, and among samples collected from the same location at different times. Phylogenetic analysis of the unique sequences from each sample indicated that most sequences from the same geographic region (i.e. Colorado or Ontario) clustered together, but several exceptions were also observed. Phylogenetic analysis also demonstrated that the sequences obtained were more closely related to sequences from cultivated marine phycodnaviruses belonging to the genus Prasinovirus than to those from cultivated freshwater phycodnaviruses from the genus Chlorovirus. Overall, phycodnavirus sequences originating from cultivated marine viruses and marine clone libraries were not genetically distinct from the freshwater phycodnavirus sequences reported in this study.


KEY WORDS: Phycodnaviridae · Algal viruses · DNA polymerase · Diversity · Phylogeny


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Cite this article as: Short SM, Short CM (2008) Diversity of algal viruses in various North American freshwater environments. Aquat Microb Ecol 51:13-21. https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01183

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