AME 51:223-236 (2008)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01194

Diversity of planktonic cyanobacteria and microcystin occurrence in Polish water bodies investigated using a polyphasic approach

C. Boutte1,2, J. Mankiewicz-Boczek3, J. Komarkova4, S. Grubisic1, K. Izydorczyk5, F. Wautelet1, T. Jurczak6, M. Zalewski3, A. Wilmotte1,*

1Centre for Protein Engineering, Institute of Chemistry B6a, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2Station Biologique de Roscoff, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7144, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, BP 74, 29682 Roscoff, France
3International Centre for Ecology, PAS, 3 Tylna, 90-364 Lodz, Poland
4University of South Bohemia, Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic
5Department of Applied Ecology, University of Lodz, 12/16 Banacha, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
6Hydrobiological Institute, AS CR, Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: Microscopic measurements of fresh biomass and 16S rRNA gene sequences from clone libraries and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) were used to investigate cyanobacterial diversity in Polish water bodies in 2002. In addition, measurements of microcystin (MC) concentrations were made. Thirty water samples were taken from 11 water bodies; of these samples, 18 were obtained from the Sulejow Reservoir during regular monitoring from June to October. Intra- and extracellular MC concentrations in Sulejow samples were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The extracellular MC concentration was assessed using a protein phosphatase inhibition assay (PPIA) in additional lakes. Additionally, physicochemical parameters were measured (total nitrogen [TN], total phosphorus [TP], TN:TP ratio, chlorophyll a concentration, temperature). In Sulejow, high intracellular MC concentrations corresponded to large cyanobacterial biovolumes and to low TN:TP ratios. In the other lakes, extracellular MCs were not linked to any measured parameters. The combination of the microscopic and molecular data showed that Aphanizomenon and Microcystis were the dominant genera during the summer period in the Sulejow Reservoir. At the genetic level, there was a succession of 2 different operational taxonomic units (OTUs) belonging to the lineage Anabaena/Aphanizomenon. In the other water bodies, the most frequent populations were Aphanizomenon, Anabaena, Microcystis and Planktothrix. Small populations of Romeria, Snowella, Woronichinia, Limnothrix and Pseudanabaena were observed, and an enigmatic cluster affiliated with Prochlorothrix was genetically retrieved. Anabaena and Microcystis were presumed to be the main genera responsible for the MC production.


KEY WORDS: Genetic diversity · Cyanobacteria · Microcystins · DGGE · Population dynamics · 16S rRNA


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Cite this article as: Boutte C, Mankiewicz-Boczek J, Komarkova J, Grubisic S and others (2008) Diversity of planktonic cyanobacteria and microcystin occurrence in Polish water bodies investigated using a polyphasic approach. Aquat Microb Ecol 51:223-236. https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01194

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