AME 59:229-238 (2010)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01412

Phylotype-specific growth rates of marine bacteria measured by bromodeoxyuridine immunocytochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization

Yuya Tada*, Akito Taniguchi, Koji Hamasaki

Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Nakano, Tokyo 164-8639, Japan

ABSTRACT: To explore the possibility of calculating phylotype-specific growth rates of marine bacteria, we optimized a protocol that combines bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunocytochemistry with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The protocol worked well with 8 isolates tested, showing a significant positive correlation between average cellular fluorescence intensity and cell-specific BrdU contents. The BrdU immunocytochemistry-FISH (BIC-FISH) was then applied to neritic seawater in Hiroshima Bay, western Japan. Rhodobacter/Roseobacter and Bacteroidetes groups were dominant in BrdU-positive cells (22 ± 8 and 26 ± 8%), suggesting a significant contribution to bacterial community productivity in the water. Analysis of single-cell immunofluorescence showed higher BrdU incorporation rates in the Gammaproteobacteria, SAR86, and Vibrio groups, suggesting that these less abundant groups were growing more rapidly than other phylotypes. Our study suggests that BIC-FISH has the potential to estimate phylotype-specific variability of bacterial productivity in aquatic systems.


KEY WORDS: Bromodeoxyuridine · Immunocytochemistry · FISH · Growth rate


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Cite this article as: Tada Y, Taniguchi A, Hamasaki K (2010) Phylotype-specific growth rates of marine bacteria measured by bromodeoxyuridine immunocytochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Aquat Microb Ecol 59:229-238. https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01412

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