AME 63:145-160 (2011)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01490

Viral dynamics in the surface water of the western South China Sea in summer 2007

Xihan Chen1,6, Hongbin Liu1,2,*, Markus Weinbauer3,4, Bingzhang Chen1, Nianzhi Jiao5

1Division of Environment, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR
2Division of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR
3Microbial Ecology & Biogeochemistry Group, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
4CNRS-INSU, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
5State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, PR China
6Present address: Center for Geomicrobiology, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 114, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: We investigated viral dynamics in the surface seawater at 13 stations in the western South China Sea (SCS) during the summer of 2007; 2 cold eddies formed during the sampling period. We found modest viral production and viral decay rates. Colloidal and heat-labile substances were important causes of viral removal (range 9.47 to 55.64% of viral production). During the sampling period, 26.44 to 96.08% (average 77.82%) of bacterial production was lysed by viruses, and a highly significant positive relationship was found between the rate of virus-induced bacterial mortality (m) and bacterial growth rate (μ). According to the hydrological conditions and station location, the 13 stations investigated in the SCS were further subdivided into 4 regions: Cold Eddy I (CE I), Cold Eddy II (CE II), oligotrophic oceanic water (OO water) and Mekong River plume (MR plume). Overall, viral activities appeared more dynamic in mesotrophic cold eddies and in the river plume than in oligo­trophic SCS waters. However, a significantly lower bacterial growth rate, virus-induced bacterial mortality rate and m/μ, together with a high burst size in the MR plume compared to the CE I, CE II and the OO water, indicates that bacterial and viral activities have distinct responses to the upwelling of cold subsurface waters and the freshwater plume. Our results demonstrate that viral lysis is an important cause of loss of bacterial production in the SCS in summer, which may enhance CO2 ­emission to the atmosphere by respiratory processes.


KEY WORDS: South China Sea · Virus · Viral production · Viral decay rate · Virus-induced bacterial mortality rate · Bacterial growth rate


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Cite this article as: Chen X, Liu H, Weinbauer M, Chen B, Jiao N (2011) Viral dynamics in the surface water of the western South China Sea in summer 2007. Aquat Microb Ecol 63:145-160. https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01490

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