CR 05:91-98 (1995)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr005091

Climate and cultural barriers to northern economic development: a case study from Broughton Island, N.W.T., Canada

Oakes J

ABSTRACT: It is critical to study climate and cultural factors influencing the handicraft industry in order to combat critical levels of unemployment in northern settlements. The purpose of this paper is to identify the climate and cultural factors influencing production at the Minnguq Sewing Group in Broughton Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. Participatory action research methods, including participation in workshops, observing the decision making processes, and informal interviews were used during the field research conducted from January to August 1991. Information was collected on various aspects of business including product line development, production techniques, management strategies, and funding sources. Climate and culture influenced availability of resources, funding, and training; isolation from consumers and supplies; and integration of new technology. This study will be of interest to scientists studying rural economy, aboriginal economic development, international arts and crafts, cross-cultural clothing, historical clothing, and other related fields.


KEY WORDS: Culture · Arctic · Inuit · Aboriginal community economic development · Handicrafts industry · Cross-cultural economic


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