CR 07:253-270 (1996)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr007253

Comparison of wheat simulation models under climate change. I. Model calibration and sensitivity analyses

Wolf J, Evans LG, Semenov MA, Eckersten H, Iglesias A

A comparison of the performance of 5 wheat models was carried out for 2 sites in Europe with considerably different agroclimatic conditions: Rothamsted, UK, and Seville, Spain. The models were calibrated against field data sets from both sites. For Rothamsted the measured time courses of crop growth, evapo-transpiration and nitrogen uptake were reproduced reasonably well by the different models, except for leaf area index. For Seville, the experimental data set was insufficient for such a detailed comparison and mainly simulated results were compared. The sensitivity of the model results to stepwise changes in individual weather variables was then determined. In the different model runs a temperature rise generally resulted in lower yields, an increase in precipitation and atmospheric CO2 concentration resulted in higher yields, and increased variability of weather variables often resulted in lower yields with increased yield variability.


Climate change · Climatic variability · Inter-model comparison · Sensitivity analysis · Simulation model · Wheat


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