CR 12:117-128 (1999)  -  doi:10.3354/cr012117

Adaptation to the impacts of sea level rise in Egypt

M. El Raey*, Kh. Dewidar, M. El Hattab

Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt

ABSTRACT: Assessment of the vulnerability of and expected socioeconomic losses over the Nile Delta coast due to the impact of sea level rise (SLR) was carried out in detail. Impacts of SLR on the Governorates of Alexandria and Port Said, in particular, were evaluated quantitatively. Options and costs of adaptation were analyzed and presented. Multi-criteria and decision matrix approaches based on questionnaire surveys were carried out to identify priorities in the 2 case studies. Results indicate that there are very limited possibilities of changing jobs for vulnerable stakeholders; cost is the main barrier of implementation; the majority of stakeholders recommend protection actions; and beach nourishment with limited hard structures (groins and breakwaters) is the best immediate option for adaptation, while the ICZM approach is the best available strategic option.


KEY WORDS: Vulnerability · Alexandria · Port Said · Coastal areas · ICZM


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