CR 22:205-213 (2002)  -  doi:10.3354/cr022205

Relationships between mean and standard deviation of air temperature: implications for global warming

Scott M. Robeson*

Department of Geography, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA

ABSTRACT: Using data from the contiguous USA, the relationship between mean and standard deviation of daily air temperature was estimated on a monthly timescale from 1948 to 1997. In general, there is either an inverse relationship or a weak relationship between mean and standard deviation. For both daily maximum and daily minimum air temperature, the inverse relationship is spatially coherent for one-third to two-thirds of the contiguous USA for most months. The inverse relationship also is fairly strong, with typical reductions in standard deviation ranging from 0.2 to 0.5°C for every 1°C increase in mean temperature. A weaker, direct relationship between mean and standard deviation occurs in some northern states, primarily during spring and fall months. Using the predominant inverse and weak relationships as historical analogs for future climatic change suggests that interdiurnal variability of air temperature should either decrease or remain unchanged under warming conditions. Although the variability of air temperature may decrease or remain unchanged at most locations in the contiguous USA, the probability of extremely high air temperatures should still increase, depending on the magnitude of changes in mean air temperature and the nature of the variance response.


KEY WORDS: Climatic variability · Air temperature · Global warming · Probability distributions


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