CR 39:11-17 (2009)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00794

Mediterranean Sea surface warming 1985–2006

Leo Nykjaer

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, 21027 Ispra (Va), Italy

ABSTRACT: Satellite observations from 1985–2006 indicate that in the last 2 decades the temperature in the upper layer of the Mediterranean Sea has been increasing at an average (±SD) rate of 0.03 ± 0.008°C yr–1 for the western basin and 0.05 ± 0.009°C yr–1 for the eastern basin. The increases in temperature are not constant throughout the year but occur primarily during May, June and July. Maximum increases of 0.16°C yr–1 are found in June in the Tyrrhenian, Ligurian and Adriatic Seas and close to the African coast. The Aegean Sea shows maximum change in sea surface temperature during August. Only the statistically significant results are presented.


KEY WORDS: Sea surface temperature · Seasonal and temporal variability · Mediterranean Sea


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Cite this article as: Nykjaer L (2009) Mediterranean Sea surface warming 1985–2006. Clim Res 39:11-17. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00794

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