CR 74:131-143 (2017)  -  DOI:

Wind-stilling in the light of wind speed measurements: the Czech experience

Rudolf Brázdil1,2,*, Adam Valík1, Pavel Zahradníček2,3, Ladislava Řezníčková1,2, Radim Tolasz4, Martin Možný5

1Institute of Geography, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
2Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Bělidla 986/4a, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Brno Regional Office, Kroftova 43, 616 67 Brno, Czech Republic
4Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Na Šabatce 17, 143 06 Praha 4 - Komořany, Czech Republic
5Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Doksany Observatory, 411 82 Doksany 105, Czech Republic
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Changes of instruments often give rise to significant break-points in wind-speed series. This is particularly applicable when measurements are automated, a process that started in the Czech Republic in the mid-1990s, when standard universal anemographs were progressively replaced by the Vaisala WAA251 sensor (cup anemometer) and the WS425 sensor (ultrasonic). Parallel wind speed measurements, by universal anemographs and Vaisala sensors, at the Doksany (2000-2016) and Kocelovice (2000-2016) stations enabled differences in the 2 types of measurement to be analysed. Vaisala sensors measure, on average, higher wind-speeds than universal anemographs, particularly in calm situations and at low wind speeds. The differences between the 2 types of instrument do not depend on wind direction. Linear trends of homogenised daily mean wind-speed series from only a universal anemograph or combined from universal anemograph and Vaisala sensors generally exhibit no important differences in their significance or values. This could indicate that observed decreasing trends in mean daily wind-speeds (‘stilling’) cannot be attributed to changes of wind-speed measurements to automated devices; with respect to only 2 stations being investigated, this is biased by high uncertainty. In contrast, important differences in the 2 types of measurement, both in linear trends and their significance, appear for series of 3 daily readings (07:00, 14:00 and 21:00 h LMT).

KEY WORDS: Universal anemograph · Vaisala wind-speed sensors · Wind speed · Homogenisation · Wind stilling · Czech Republic

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Cite this article as: Brázdil R, Valík A, Zahradníček P, Řeznícčková L, Tolasz R, Možný M (2017) Wind-stilling in the light of wind speed measurements: the Czech experience. Clim Res 74:131-143.

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