DAO 100:19-27 (2012)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02485

Monoclonal antibodies against 27.8 kDa protein receptor efficiently block lymphocystis disease virus infection in flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill cells

Xiu-Zhen Sheng, Mu Wang, Jing Xing, Wen-Bin Zhan*

Laboratory of Pathology and Immunology of Aquatic Animals, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, PR China

ABSTRACT: In previous research using co-immunoprecipitation, a 27.8 kDa protein in flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill (FG) cells was found to bind lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV). In this paper, 13 hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the 27.8 kDa protein were obtained, and 2 MAbs designated as 2G11 and 3D9 were cloned by limiting dilution. Analyzed by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blotting, the MAbs specifically reacted with the 27.8 kDa protein of FG cells. Confocal fluorescence microscopy and immunogold electron microscopy (IEM) provided evidence that the epitopes recognized by these MAbs were located primarily on the cell membrane and occasionally in the cytoplasm near the cell membrane of FG cells. The MAbs could block LCDV binding after MAbs were pre-incubated with isolated membrane proteins of FG cells in a blocking ELISA, and MAbs also could inhibit LCDV infection of FG cells in culture. Moreover, several target tissues of LCDV in flounder, including gill, stomach, intestine and liver, displayed the presence of the LCDV receptor-27.8 kDa. These results strongly supported the possibility that the 27.8 kDa protein is the putative receptor specific for LCDV infection of FG cells in flounder.


KEY WORDS: MAbs · Virus−host cell interactions · Co-immunoprecipitation · ELISA · Western blotting · Immunogold electron microscopy · Confocal fluorescence microscopy


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Cite this article as: Sheng XZ, Wang M, Xing J, Zhan WB (2012) Monoclonal antibodies against 27.8 kDa protein receptor efficiently block lymphocystis disease virus infection in flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill cells. Dis Aquat Org 100:19-27. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02485

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