DAO 101:123-130 (2012)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02513

Infection dynamics of Kudoa yasunagai (Myxozoa: Multivalvulida) infecting brain of cultured yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata in Japan

Sho Shirakashi*, Akinobu Morita, Katsuya Ishimaru, Shigeru Miyashita

Fisheries Laboratory, Kinki University, Shirahama, Wakayama 649-2211, Japan

ABSTRACT: We monitored infection by a brain-infecting myxozoan Kudoa yasunagai in hatchery-reared juvenile yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata at a culturing site in Japan. Infection was detected by PCR and microscopic observation once every 1 to 4 wk during 2010 and 2011. In both years, we detected first infection in mid-July by PCR. Prevalence increased rapidly after the onset of infection, peaking at 100% within 4 wk. Parasites required less than 10 d to reach the brain after invasion. Development of plasmodia and formation of cysts took 4 to 8 wk. Infection did not reach a plateau and number of cysts tended to decline over time, suggesting possible recovery from the infection. A drastic decline in infection prevalence was observed during the season of highest water temperature (>30°C) in 2010. To understand this phenomenon, we conducted a laboratory experiment to compare infection prevalence and cyst formation in fish kept at 25°C and 30°C. However, we could not detect obvious differences between the treatment groups during the 4 wk of the experiment. There was no apparent pathology associated with the infection. These results suggest that pathological effects of K. yasunagai may differ between fish species or that other factors are important in the development of infectious signs.


KEY WORDS: Myxozoan · Seasonality · Cyst development · Water temperature


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Cite this article as: Shirakashi S, Morita A, Ishimaru K, Miyashita S (2012) Infection dynamics of Kudoa yasunagai (Myxozoa: Multivalvulida) infecting brain of cultured yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata in Japan. Dis Aquat Org 101:123-130. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02513

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