DAO 103:133-139 (2013)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02572

Identification and characterization of Vibrio harveyi associated with diseased abalone Haliotis diversicolor

Qingru Jiang**, Liuyang Shi**, Caihuan Ke, Weiwei You, Jing Zhao*

College of Ocean and Earth Science of Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
**Corresponding author. Email: **These authors contributed equally to this work

ABSTRACT: Mass mortality of farmed small abalone Haliotis diversicolor occurred in Fujian, China, from 2009 to 2011. Among isolates obtained from moribund abalones, the dominant species AP37 exhibited the strongest virulence. After immersion challenge with 106 CFU ml-1 of AP37, abalone mortalities of 0, 53 and 67% were induced at water temperatures of 20°C, 24°C, and 28°C, respectively. Following intramuscular injection, AP37 showed a low LD50 (median lethal concentration) value of 2.9 × 102 CFU g-1 (colony forming units per gram abalone wet body weight). The LT50 (median lethal time) values were 5.2 h for 1 × 106 CFU abalone-1, 8.4 h for 1 × 105 CFU abalone-1, and 21.5 h for 1 × 104 CFU abalone-1. For further analysis of virulence, AP37 was screened for the production of extracellular factors. The results showed that various factors including presence of flagella and production of extracellular enzymes, such as lipase, phospholipase and haemolysin, could be responsible for pathogenesis. Based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain AP37 showed >98.8% similarity to Vibrio harveyi, V. campbellii, V. parahaemolyticus, V. alginolyticus, V. natriegens and V. rotiferianus, so it could not be identified by this method. However, multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) of concatenated sequences, including the rpoD, rctB, gyrB, toxR and pyrH genes, identified strain AP37 as V. harveyi. Phenotypic characters of AP37 were identified by API 20E. In antibiotic susceptibility tests, strain AP37 exhibited susceptibility to 7 antibiotics and resistance to 13. This is the first report of a V. harveyi-related species being linked with the mass mortality of adult abalone H. diversicolor in southern China. 


KEY WORDS: Small abalone · Vibriosis · Characterization · Virulence · Multi-locus sequence analysis · MLSA


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Cite this article as: Jiang Q, Shi L, Ke C, You W, Zhao J (2013) Identification and characterization of Vibrio harveyi associated with diseased abalone Haliotis diversicolor. Dis Aquat Org 103:133-139. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02572

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