DAO 108:83-89 (2014)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02694

NOTE
Role of Crassicauda sp. in natural mortality of pantropical spotted dolphins Stenella attenuata: a reassessment

Juan Antonio Balbuena1,*, Andrew Simpkin

1Cavanilles Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, University of Valencia, PO Box 22085, 46071 Valencia, Spain
2School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Evaluating the effect of parasites on population size is essential for designing management and conservation plans of wild animal populations. Although knowledge in this area is scarce in cetaceans, current evidence suggests that species of the nematode genus Crassicauda may play an important regulatory role in some populations. In the present study, a semiparametric regression technique was applied to a previously published dataset to re-examine the role of Crassicauda sp. in natural mortality of pantropical spotted dolphins Stenella attenuata. The resulting model indicated parasite-induced mortality at ages between 6.5 and 9 yr and at roughly 12 yr. The maximum mortality estimates obtained could represent 2 to 4% of natural mortality in dolphins 6 to 8 yr old. This estimate is substantially smaller than previously published values, but in contrast with previous research, our model provides clear statistical evidence for parasite-induced mortality because the bootstrapped 95% confidence intervals of the estimated mortality rates excluded the 0 value. We also evaluated, through simulations, how potential sampling biases of infected dolphins could overestimate parasite-induced mortality. Small differences in sampling selectivity between infected and uninfected animals could substantially reduce the mortality estimates. However, the simulated models also supported the notion of statistically significant mortality in juvenile dolphins. Given that dolphins older than 16 yr were poorly represented in the dataset, further research is needed to establish whether Crassicauda sp. causes meaningful mortality for population dynamics among adult individuals.


KEY WORDS: Parasite-induced mortality · Cetacea · Nematoda · Population dynamics · Semiparametric regression


Full text in pdf format 
Supplementary material 
Cite this article as: Balbuena JA, Simpkin A (2014) Role of Crassicauda sp. in natural mortality of pantropical spotted dolphins Stenella attenuata: a reassessment. Dis Aquat Org 108:83-89. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02694

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
- -