DAO 115:193-201 (2015)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02883

Health condition of juvenile Chelonia mydas related to fibropapillomatosis in southeast Brazil

Marcelo Renan de Deus Santos1,*, Agnaldo Silva Martins2, Cecília Baptistotte3, Thierry M. Work

1Instituto de Ensino, Pesquisa e Preservação Ambiental Marcos Daniel, R. Fortunato Ramos 123, Santa Lucia, Vitória, Espírito Santo 29055-290, Brazil
2Laboratório de Nectologia, Departamento de Ecologia e Recursos Naturais, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo - UFES, Departamento de Ecologia e Recursos Naturais/CCHN/UFES - Campus de Goiabeiras, Av. Fernando Ferrari 514, Vitória, Espírito Santo 29075-900, Brazil
3Projeto TAMAR/ICMBio, Escritório Regional do Espírito Santo, Av. Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes 700, Enseada do Suá, Vitória, Espírito Santo 29050-256, Brazil
4United States Geological Survey-National Wildlife Health Center-Honolulu Field Station, PO Box 50187, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 8-132, Honolulu, HI 96850, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Packed cell volume (PCV), plasma biochemistry, visual body condition (BC), and calculated body condition index (BCI) were evaluated in 170 wild juvenile green sea turtles Chelonia mydas from an aggregation in the effluent canal of a steel mill in Brazil. Occurrence of cutaneous fibropapillomatosis (FP) was observed in 44.1% of the animals examined. BCI alone did not differ significantly between healthy animals and those afflicted with FP. However, all turtles with low BCI were severely afflicted and were uremic, hypoglycemic, and anemic in relation to healthy animals. Severe FP was not always reflected by a poor health condition of the individual. Clinical evaluation and plasma biochemistry indicated that most animals afflicted with FP were in good health condition. Differences in FP manifestations and associated health conditions in different geographic regions must be assessed by long-term health monitoring programs to help define priorities for conservation efforts.


KEY WORDS: Green sea turtle · Clinical biochemistry · Body condition index · Fibropapillomatosis · Health monitoring · Packed cell volume


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Cite this article as: Deus Santos MRd, Silva Martins A, Baptistotte C, Work TM (2015) Health condition of juvenile Chelonia mydas related to fibropapillomatosis in southeast Brazil. Dis Aquat Org 115:193-201. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02883

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