DAO 116:103-110 (2015)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02896

Molecular confirmation of infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) in farmed and imported ornamental fish in Australia

Peter G. Mohr*, Nicholas J. G. Moody, Lynette M. Williams, John Hoad, David M. Cummins, Kelly R. Davies, Mark StJ. Crane

CSIRO Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Viruses of the genus Megalocytivirus have not been detected in wild populations of fish in Australia but circulate in imported ornamental fish. In 2012, detection of a megalocytivirus in healthy platys Xiphophorus maculatus was reported from a farm in Australia during surveillance testing as part of a research project undertaken at the University of Sydney. Confirmatory testing of the original samples at the AAHL Fish Diseases Laboratory verified the presence of an infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV)-like virus. Additional sampling at the positive farm confirmed the persistence of the virus in the platys, with 39 of 265 (14.7%) samples testing positive. Comparison of 3 separate gene regions of the virus with those of ISKNV confirmed the detection of a virus indistinguishable from ISKNV. Subsequently, ISKNV was also detected in a range of imported ornamental fish from several countries between 2013 and 2014, by screening with real-time PCR and confirmation by conventional PCR and sequence analysis. Accordingly, the current importation of live ornamental fish acts as a potential perpetual source for the establishment of ISKNV viruses within Australia. The testing of the farmed and imported ornamental fish verified the utility of the probe-based real-time PCR assay for screening of ornamental fish for Megalocytivirus.


KEY WORDS: Megalocytivirus · ISKNV · Ornamental fish · Real-time PCR · Xiphophorus maculatus


Full text in pdf format  
Cite this article as: Mohr PG, Moody NJG, Williams LM, Hoad J, Cummins DM, Davies KR, Crane MStJ (2015) Molecular confirmation of infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) in farmed and imported ornamental fish in Australia. Dis Aquat Org 116:103-110. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02896

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
- -