DAO 118:129-137 (2016)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02959

Prevalence, site and tissue preference of myxozoan parasites infecting gills of cultured fish in Punjab (India)

Harpreet Kaur1,*, Anu Katoch2

1Department of Zoology, Panjab University, 160014, Chandigarh, India
2Department of Zoology & Environmental Sciences, Punjabi University, Patiala, 147002, India
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Native carp species cultured in Indian farms in Punjab (catla Catla catla, rohu Labeo rohita, mrigal Cirrhinus mrigala, exotic carps such as silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, common carp Cyprinus carpio and a catfish Sperata seenghala) were examined for the presence of myxozoan parasites infecting gills. Firstly, the gills were examined under a zoom-stereomicroscope for the presence of plasmodia. The number of plasmodia per gill was counted to determine the index for the intensity of infection. Infected tissues were processed for histology, and 3-4 µm sections of infected gills were stained with haematoxylin & eosin and Luna’s method. A total of 19 species of myxosporean were found infecting various cell types in the gills. Of these, 14 species belonged to the genus Myxobolus, 3 species to the genus Thelohanellus and 2 species to the genus Henneguya. Species belonging to the genus Myxobolus formed the interlamellar and intralamellar vascular (LV) type plasmodia, and species belonging to the genus Thelohanellus and Henneguya formed intrafilamental vascular (FV) type plasmodia. Mixed infections comprising 2, 3 or 4 different myxozoan species were noted in individual fish. The most common type of parasitism was polyparasitism due to 4 myxobolids co-occuring in fish with an infection rate of 23.16%. All species caused mild to severe haemorrhagic gill disease with little clinical symptomatology.


KEY WORDS: Aquaculture · Parasite · Myxozoa · Gills · Freshwater fish


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Cite this article as: Kaur H, Katoch A (2016) Prevalence, site and tissue preference of myxozoan parasites infecting gills of cultured fish in Punjab (India). Dis Aquat Org 118:129-137. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02959

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