DAO 118:153-158 (2016)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02966

Disinfection of fertilized eggs of the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi for prevention of soft tunic syndrome

Akira Kumagai1,*, Toru Tanabe1, Akatsuki Nawata2, Atsushi Suto

1Miyagi Prefecture Fisheries Technology Institute, Kesennuma Fisheries Experimental Station, Kesennuma, Miyagi 988-0181, Japan
2Miyagi Prefecture Fisheries Technology Institute, Ishinomaki, Miyagi 986-2135, Japan
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Azumiobodo hoyamushi, the causative agent of soft tunic syndrome, was likely introduced to farming sites of the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi via ascidian spat. The source of infection is thought to be cysts of A. hoyamushi that reside in the substrates on which the ascidian spat are attached, but not the spat themselves. Thus, there is a need to develop methods to prevent contamination of the substrates with A. hoyamushi during seed production of the ascidian. We evaluated the protozoacidal effects of sodium hypochlorite and povidone-iodine against the flagellate and temporary cyst forms of A. hoyamushi. Additionally, we evaluated the effects of these disinfectants on the development of fertilized ascidian eggs. The flagellate form of A. hoyamushi was completely inactivated by povidone-iodine (5 ppm, 1 min) and sodium hypochlorite (1 ppm, 1 min). The temporary cysts of A. hoyamushi were completely inactivated by both disinfectants (5 ppm, 1 min). Disinfection with 50 ppm povidone-iodine for 15 min or 5 ppm sodium hypochlorite for 15 min had no effect on ascidian embryogenesis. Thus, horizontal transmission of A. hoyamushi via the substrates can be efficiently prevented by disinfecting ascidian eggs or tools used for spawning with povidone-iodine baths ranging from 5 ppm for 1 min to 50 ppm for 15 min without any side effects.


KEY WORDS: Azumiobodo hoyamushi · Soft tunic syndrome · Povidone-iodine · Sodium hypochlorite · Halocynthia roretzi · Egg disinfection


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Cite this article as: Kumagai A, Tanabe T, Nawata A, Suto A (2016) Disinfection of fertilized eggs of the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi for prevention of soft tunic syndrome. Dis Aquat Org 118:153-158. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02966

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