DAO 124:85-90 (2017)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03103

NOTE
Isolation of Lacinutrix venerupis strains associated with disease outbreaks in sea bream Sparus aurata and European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax 

Jose R. López*, Rafael Alcantara, Laura Lorenzo, J. I. Navas

IFAPA Centro Agua del Pino, Junta de Andalucía, Carretera El Rompido-Punta Umbría km 3.8., CP21450, Cartaya, Huelva, Spain
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Four Gram-negative bacterial isolates were recovered from 2 disease outbreaks that occurred in 2013 affecting European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax fry and sea bream Sparus aurata adults. Main symptoms were erratic swimming, eroded fins and, in the sea bream outbreak, haemorrhages on the body surface; bacteria were always recovered from internal organs, almost in pure culture. On the basis of phenotypic characterization and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the isolates were identified as Lacinutrix venerupis, a bacterium not previously reported as a fish pathogen. The highest 16S rDNA sequence similarities were recorded with the type strain of this species (99.9-100% similarity), while other species showed similarities below 97%, the closest relative being L. mariniflava (96.3% similarity). Phenotypic characterization showed some discrepancies with the L. venerupis type strain (mainly in BIOLOG GN profile); however, DNA-DNA hybridization assays with L. venerupis and L. mariniflava type strains confirmed that these isolates belong to the former species (levels of DNA relatedness were 98-100% and 38-50%, respectively). Finally, a virulence evaluation of the isolates using Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis fry was also performed; significant mortalities (80-100% mortality within 4 d) were recorded after intraperitoneal injection, but only with high doses of bacteria (107 colony forming units fish-1). Further studies will be necessary to determine the importance of this species as a fish pathogen.


KEY WORDS: Virulence · Aquaculture · Fish pathogen · Bacteria · Characterization


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Cite this article as: López JR, Alcantara R, Lorenzo L, Navas JI (2017) Isolation of Lacinutrix venerupis strains associated with disease outbreaks in sea bream Sparus aurata and European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax . Dis Aquat Org 124:85-90. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03103

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