DAO 124:215-222 (2017)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03123

Characterization of Aliivibrio fischeri strains associated with disease outbreak in brill Scophthalmus rhombus

Jose R. López*, Laura Lorenzo, Rafael Alcantara, J. I. Navas

IFAPA Centro Agua del Pino, Junta de Andalucía, Carretera El Rompido-Punta Umbría km 3.8, CP21450 Cartaya, Huelva, Spain
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Three bacterial isolates were recovered from a disease outbreak with high mortality affecting brill Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758). Moribund fish showed no external signs of disease, but plentiful haemorrhages were observed in liver. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characterization, the isolates were identified as Aliivibrio fischeri. The phenotypic profile of the isolates was basically similar to that of the type strain of this species, although some discrepancies were observed, mainly in the BIOLOG GN profile. The main cellular fatty acids of strain a591 were also consistent with this species. The highest 16S rDNA sequence similarities were recorded with the type strain of A. fischeri (99.07%); other Aliivibrio species showed similarity values below 96%. The highest sequence similarities with gyrB, rpoD and recA genes were also recorded with A. fischeri type strain (99.31, 98.99 and 95.29% similarity, respectively). DNA-DNA hybridization assays confirmed that these isolates belong to A. fischeri; levels of DNA relatedness were 73.5 to 86.2% with isolate a591 (reciprocal values of 86.9 to 99.04%). Finally, a virulence evaluation of the isolates using Senegalese sole fry was also performed; significant mortalities (100% mortality within 5 d) were recorded by intraperitoneal injection, but only with high doses of bacteria (2 × 106 cfu g-1 body weight).


KEY WORDS: Fish pathogen · Diagnosis · Identification · Virulence


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Cite this article as: López JR, Lorenzo L, Alcantara R, Navas JI (2017) Characterization of Aliivibrio fischeri strains associated with disease outbreak in brill Scophthalmus rhombus. Dis Aquat Org 124:215-222. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03123

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