DAO 125:79-84 (2017)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03130

NOTE
Disease and mortality among Yesso scallops Patinopecten yessoensis putatively caused by infection with Francisella halioticida 

Gary R. Meyer*, Geoffrey J. Lowe, Scott R. Gilmore, Susan M. Bower

Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7, Canada
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: During the fall of 2015, up to 40% mortality occurred in juvenile Yesso scallops Patinopecten yessoensis at an aquaculture site in Baynes Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Macroscopic lesions were present in 11% of the scallops, and histopathology consisting of multifocal and diffuse haemocyte infiltration was observed in 44% of the specimens examined. Histologically, small Gram-negative intracellular bacteria-like particles were observed within necrotic haemocytes of the lesions, suggesting a bacterial aetiology. DNA was extracted from adductor muscle lesions of diseased scallops, and the 16s rDNA gene as well as the DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) were amplified by PCR. Sequence analyses of the resulting 413 and 925 bp fragments were a 100% match to the reference sequence for Francisella halioticida, originally described as the cause of mortality in abalone from Japan. Isolation and culture of the bacteria was not possible at the time, as no further diseased specimens were available. Results from in situ hybridization assays as well as examination by transmission electron microscopy provide further evidence supporting the hypothesis that F. halioticida was the most probable causative agent of the lesions and mortality.


KEY WORDS: Scallop · Lesions · Histopathology · Bacteria


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Cite this article as: Meyer GR, Lowe GJ, Gilmore SR, Bower SM (2017) Disease and mortality among Yesso scallops Patinopecten yessoensis putatively caused by infection with Francisella halioticida . Dis Aquat Org 125:79-84. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03130

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