DAO 34:87-91 (1998) - doi:10.3354/dao034087
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) used for the detection of Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV) in experimentally infected shrimp
L. M. Nunan*, B. T. Poulos, D. V. Lightner
ABSTRACT: Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV) has adversely affected the shrimp culture industries of the Americas. First recognized in 1992, this viral agent has spread throughout the shrimp growing regions of South and Central America to become established in North America in the short span of 5 yr. Diagnostic methods for TSV include histopathology, bioassay using susceptible Penaeus vannamei as the indicator species and in situ hybridization with TSV specific complimentary DNA (cDNA) gene probes. An additional method for detecting TSV is through the use of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Two oligonucleotide primers were selected using the sequence information from a cloned cDNA segment of the TSV genome. The primers, designated 9195 and 9992, used in the RT-PCR procedure amplify a 231 base pair (bp) fragment of the cDNA. Using the RT-PCR technique, TSV has been detected in the hemolymph of P. stylirostris and P. vannamei with experimentally induced TSV infections.
KEY WORDS: RT-PCR · Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV) · Penaeid shrimp
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