DAO 44:217-222 (2001)  -  doi:10.3354/dao044217

Occurrence of myxosporean parasites in the gills of two Tilapias species from Lake Nokoué (Bénin, West Africa): effect of host size and sex, and seasonal patterns of infection

A. Gbankoto1, C. Pampoulie2,*, A. Marques3, G. N. Sakiti1

1Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Nationale du Bénin, BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin
2KU Leuven, Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Ch. de Bériotstraat 32, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
3Dép. B.E.E. cc96 Université Montpellier II, 34095 Montpellier cedex 05, France
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

ABSTRACT: The gill myxosporean parasites of 2 euryhalin tilapias from Lake Nokoué, Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron (Rüppel, 1853) and Tilapia zillii (Gervais, 1852), were investigated from October 1987 to October 1989. A total of 391 S. m. melanotheron and 222 T. zillii were examined. Both of the fish species studied were infected by 3 host-specific myxosporean parasites for which prevalence greatly varied during our investigations. The 2 most common ones were Myxobolus sp. and M. zillii, which were located in the branchial filament. No significant fish sex effect was found for these 6 different myxosporean parasites. As seasonal pattern was clearly demonstrated for M. zillii while a host size effect was found for M. dossoui. However, further investigations of these myxosporean infections are necessary to determine the real effect of these parasites on their host, as host fecundity and survival was not assessed.

KEY WORDS: Tilapia · Myxobolus sp. · M. zillii · M. sarotherodoni · M. dossoui · M. beninensis · M. microcapsularis · Occurrence · Lake Nokoué

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