DAO 46:153-158 (2001)  -  doi:10.3354/dao046153

Different reactions obtained using the same DNA detection reagents for Thai and Korean hepatopancreatic parvovirus of penaeid shrimp

Jurairat Phromjai1, Wasana Sukhumsirichart2, C. Pantoja3, D. V. Lightner3, T. W. Flegel1,*

1Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2Department Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirote University, Sukhumvit 23, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
3Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, 1117 E. Lowell St., Bldg. #90, Room 114, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

ABSTRACT: Hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) can cause stunted growth and death in penaeid shrimp including Penaeus monodon. We used PCR primers and a commercial DNA probe designed from HPV of Penaeus chinensis (HPVchin) to examine HPV-infected Thai P. monodon (HPVmon). We found that the PCR primers produced a 732 bp DNA amplicon rather than the 350 bp amplicon obtained with HPVchin template and that the DNA probe gave weak to variable in situ DNA hybridization results. In addition, hybridization to PCR products from HPVmon was weak compared with hybridization with PCR products from HPVchin. By contrast, the 732 bp amplicon hybridized strongly with HPVmon-infected cells by in situ hybridization but not with uninfected shrimp tissue or other shrimp viruses, thus confirming its origin from HPVmon. Cloning, sequencing and analysis of the 732 bp amplicon showed that 696 bp (excluding the primer sequences) contained 47% GC content and had only 78% homology to 701 aligned bases from a 3350 bp DNA fragment of HPVchin from GenBank. These results explain why the reagents based on HPVchin gave a different PCR product and weak hybridization results with HPVmon, and they show that multiple primers or degenerate primers may be necessary for general detection of HPV varieties. Together with previously published information on the estimated total genome sizes for HPVchin (approximately 4 kb) and HPVmon (approximately 6 kb), these data support the contention that HPVchin and HPVmon are different varieties or species, in spite of their similar histopathology.


KEY WORDS: Hepatopancreatic parvovirus · Penaeus monodon · Penaeus chinensis · Polymerase chain reaction


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