DAO 48:43-46 (2001)  -  doi:10.3354/dao048043

Effect of temperature and salinity on in vitro zoosporulation of Perkinsus sp. in Manila clams Ruditapes philippinarum

Kyoung Jin Ahn, Ki Hong Kim*

Department of Aquatic Life Medicine, College of Fisheries Science, Pukyong National University, Pusan 608-737, Korea
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

ABSTRACT: The effects of temperature and salinity on in vitro development of Perkinsus sp. prezoosporangia isolated from cultured Manila clams in Korea were investigated, and the difference in resistance to low temperature between prezoosporangia collected in winter and those collected in summer was compared. Temperature and salinity had significant effects on the development of prezoosporangia, and the developmental rates increased with increasing temperature and salinity. Prezoosporangia isolated in winter sporulated and released motile zoospores at 10°C, although the rates were significantly lower than those at 20 and 30°C. However, no prezoosporangia collected in summer sporulated at 10°C. Low salinities (≤10‰) significant negative effect on the development of prezoosporangia. A small number of prezoosporangia sampled in summer did sporulate at 5‰, but further developments including formation and release of zoospores were not observed. However, prezoospor sampled in winter and incubated at 5‰ released motile zoospores, although the rates were significantly lower than those at higher salinities.

KEY WORDS: Perkinsus sp. · Ruditapes philippinarum · Manila clam · Prezoosporangia development · Temperature · Salinity

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