DAO 57:141-146 (2003)  -  doi:10.3354/dao057141

Detection by PCR of hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) and other viruses in hatchery-reared Penaeus monodon postlarvae

Rudrappa K. Umesha1, Arumugam Uma2, Subhendu K. Otta1, Indrani Karunasagar1,*, Iddya Karunasagar1

1Department of Fishery Microbiology, University of Agricultural Sciences, College of Fisheries, Mangalore 575 002, India
2Shrimp Disease Diagnosis Laboratory, Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai-600051, India
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: The prevalence of hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV), monodon baculovirus (MBV) and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in samples of Penaeus monodon postlarvae (PL10 to PL20, 10 to 20 d old postlarvae) in India was studied by PCR. Samples collected from different hatcheries, and also samples submitted by farmers from different coastal states, were analyzed. HPV was detected in 34% of the hatchery samples and 31% of the samples submitted by farmers, using a primer set designed for detection of HPV from P. monodon in Thailand. However, none of these samples were positive using primers designed for detection of HPV from P. chinensis in Korea. This indicated that HPV from India was more closely related to HPV from P. monodon in Thailand. MBV was detected in 64% of the samples submitted by the farmers and 71% of the hatchery samples. A total of 84% of the samples submitted by farmers, and 91% of the hatchery samples, were found positive for WSSV. Prevalence of concurrent infections by HPV, MBV and WSSV was 27% in hatchery samples and 29% in samples submitted by farmers. Only 8% of the hatchery samples and 16% of the samples submitted by farmers were negative for all 3 viruses. This is the first report on the prevalence of HPV in P. monodon postlarvae from India.


KEY WORDS: HPV · MBV · WSSV · PCR · Penaeus monodon · Postlarvae · HPVmon


Full article in pdf format