DAO 66:221-226 (2005)  -  doi:10.3354/dao066221

Severe, chronic proliferative kidney disease (PKD) induced in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss held at a constant 18°C

D. J. Morris*, H. W. Ferguson, A. Adams

Scottish Fish Immunology Research Centre, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK

ABSTRACT: Proliferative kidney disease (PKD), caused by the myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, is well documented as a seasonal disease of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Water temperatures influence the course of the infection both within the fish and the invertebrate host, the recovery of fish from the disease being accelerated with decreasing water temperatures. During this study, groups of rainbow trout were held at a constant temperature (18°C) for a sustained period of time following initial exposure to T. bryosalmonae. While the majority of these fish had recovered from the clinical disease after 9 mo, 10% remained infected, showing clinical signs of disease. A histological study revealed that the majority exhibited very high parasite loads and unusually severe symptoms of PKD. This demonstrates that while most rainbow trout can recover from PKD independent of water temperature, there exists a sub-population that cannot.

KEY WORDS: Tetracapsuloides · Myxozoa · Malacosporea · Temperature

Full text in pdf format