DAO 73:1-11 (2006) - doi:10.3354/dao073001
Rana catesbeiana virus Z (RCV-Z): a novel pathogenic ranavirus
Sai Majji1, Scott LaPatra3, Scott M. Long1, Robert Sample1, Locke Bryan1, Allan Sinning2, V. Gregory Chinchar1,*
ABSTRACT: A virus, designated Rana catesbeiana virus Z (RCV-Z), was isolated from the visceral tissue of moribund tadpoles of the North American bullfrog Rana catesbeiana. SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) analysis of viral proteins and sequence analysis of the amino terminal end of the major capsid protein showed that RCV-Z was similar to frog virus 3 (FV3) and other ranaviruses isolated from anurans and fish. However, analysis of restriction fragment profiles following digestion of viral genomic DNA with XbaI and BamHI indicated that RCV-Z was markedly different from FV3. Moreover, in contrast to FV3, RCV-Z contained a full-length copy of the viral homolog of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF-2a). Experimental infection of bullfrog tadpoles with FV3 and RCV-Z demonstrated that RCV-Z was much more pathogenic than FV3, and that prior infection with FV3 protected them from subsequent RCV-Z induced mortality. Collectively, these results suggest that RCV-Z may represent a novel species of ranavirus capable of infecting frogs and that possession of a viral eIF-2a homolog (vIF-2a) correlates with enhanced virulence.
KEY WORDS: Iridovirus · Ranavirus · Frog virus 3 · Rana catesbeiana virus Z · eIF-2a homolog · Virulence
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