DAO 73:49-61 (2006)  -  doi:10.3354/dao073049

Comparative morphological and molecular studies on Myxobolus spp. infecting chub from the River Danube, Hungary, and description of M. muellericus sp. n.

K. Molnár*, Sz. Marton, E. Eszterbauer, Cs. Székely

Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, PO Box 18, 1581 Budapest, Hungary

ABSTRACT: During a survey on fishes from the River Danube, the occurrence of 8 Myxobolus species (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae) was registered in chub Leuciscus cephalus L. Most species had a specific location within the fish host. M. cycloides was found in the wall of the swimbladder; the branched plasmodia of M. dujardini were located typically in the epithelium of the non-lamellar part of gill filaments; the plasmodia of M. ellipsoides infected fins between 2 fin rays; M. muelleri and Myxobolus sp. 2 formed large elongated plasmodia in the afferent gill artery of filaments, while the round cysts of M. muellericus sp. n. filled the capillary network of the gill lamellae. Intramuscular plasmodia of M. pseudodispar proved to be the most common, although large cysts of Myxobolus sp. 1 were also frequently found in the intestinal wall. Despite similarities of some species in spore morphology, 18S rDNA sequences showed clear differences between the species examined.


KEY WORDS: Myxozoa · Occurrence · Histology · Site selection · Molecular phylogeny


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