DAO 74:151-158 (2007)  -  doi:10.3354/dao074151

Detection of rainbow trout antibodies against viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) by neutralisation test is highly dependent on the virus isolate used

J. M. Fregeneda-Grandes1,2, N. J. Olesen1,*

1National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Hangøvej 2, 8200 Århus N, Denmark
2Present address: Departamento de Patología Animal-Sanidad Animal, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: Three serological tests, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), 50% plaque neutralisation test (50%PNT) and Western blotting (WB), were used to detect antibodies against viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) in 50 rainbow trout broodstock from a rainbow trout farm endemically infected with VHS but with no clinical signs of infection. When the sera were examined by 50%PNT using the VHSV reference isolate DK-F1 or the heat attenuated DK-F25 mutant strain, no neutralizing antibodies were found. In contrast, when one of the virus isolates from the farm (homologous virus) was used in the 50%PNT, 90% of the fish were found to be positive. By examining a panel of different VHSV isolates in 50%PNT, it was demonstrated that the virus isolate used as test antigen could significantly affect the sensitivity and titre determination in 50%PNT for detection of rainbow trout antibodies against VHSV. When the sera were examined for the presence of VHSV antibodies by ELISA or WB, 61% were found to be positive. When conducting WB analysis, the viral glycoprotein was the protein most frequently recognized, followed by the viral nucleoprotein.


KEY WORDS: VHSV · Trout antibody · Serology · Plaque neutralisation · ELISA


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