DAO 80:123-135 (2008)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao01932

Recombinant infectious hematopoietic necrosis viruses induce protection for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

Alejandro Romero1, Antonio Figueras1, Maria-Isabel Thoulouze2, Michael Bremont2, Beatriz Novoa1,*

1Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, CSIC, Eduardo Cabello 6, 36208 Vigo, Spain
2Unité de Virologie et Immunologie Moléculaires, Centre de Recherche de Jouy-en-Josas, INRA, Domaine de Vilvert,
78352 France
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) and viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) are rhabdoviruses that infect salmonids, producing serious economic losses. Two recombinant IHN viruses were generated by reverse genetics. For one (rIHNV GFP) the IHNV NV gene was replaced with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene. In the other (rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP) the G gene was also exchanged for that of VHSV. No mortalities, external signs or histological lesions were observed in experimental infections conducted with the recombinant viruses. Neither the rIHNV GFP nor rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP was detected by RT-PCR in any of the examined tissues from experimentally infected fish. In order to assess their potential as vaccines against the wild type viruses, rainbow trout were vaccinated with the recombinant viruses by intraperitoneal injection and challenged 30 d later with virulent IHNV or VHSV. The GFP viruses provided protection against both wild type viruses. None of the recombinant viruses induced antibody production, and the expression of interferon (IFNαβ) and interferon induced genes such as Mx protein and ISG-15 was not different to that of controls. The rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP did not inhibit cellular apoptosis as it was observed in an IHNV inoculated fish cell line. These studies suggest that the recombinant rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP is a promising candidate as a live recombinant vaccine and also provides a good model to further study viral pathogenicity and the molecular basis of protection against these viral infections.


KEY WORDS: IHNV · VHSV · Recombinant virus · Vaccine


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Cite this article as: Romero A, Figueras A, Thoulouze MI, Bremont M, Novoa B (2008) Recombinant infectious hematopoietic necrosis viruses induce protection for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Dis Aquat Org 80:123-135. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao01932

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