DAO 97:207-218 (2012)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02417

Kidney pathology and parasite intensity in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss surviving proliferative kidney disease: time course and influence of temperature

Heike Schmidt-Posthaus*,**, Kathrin Bettge**, Ursula Forster, Helmut Segner, Thomas Wahli

Centre for Fish and Wildlife Health, Department of Pathobiology, University of Berne, Laenggassstrasse 122, PO Box 8466, 3001 Berne, Switzerland
*Email:
**These 2 authors contributed equally

ABSTRACT: Proliferative kidney disease (PKD) is an endoparasitic disease of salmonids caused by the myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae. We recently described the development of the disease from initial infection until manifestation of clinical disease signs in rainbow trout held at 2 water temperatures, 12 and 18°C. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether (1) infected fish surviving the clinical phase would recover from renal pathological changes, (2) whether they would be able to reduce the parasite load in the kidneys, and (3) whether water temperatures would influence renal recovery and parasite clearance. At 18°C, fish showed a gradual recovery of normal kidney morphology which was associated with a decline in parasite numbers and infection prevalence. Fish kept at 12°C initially showed an enhancement of kidney lesions before recovery of normal kidney morphology took place. The decrease in renal parasite load was retarded compared to 18°C. The results from the present study provide evidence that rainbow trout surviving the clinical phase of PKD are able to (1) fully restore renal structure, and (2) significantly reduce renal parasite loads, although 100% clearance was not achieved within the experimental period of this study. Water temperature influences the rate but not the outcome of the recovery process.


KEY WORDS: Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae · Proliferative kidney disease · Temperature · ­Post-clinical phase · Histopathology · Parasite numbers


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Cite this article as: Schmidt-Posthaus H, Bettge K, Forster U, Segner H, Wahli T (2012) Kidney pathology and parasite intensity in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss surviving proliferative kidney disease: time course and influence of temperature. Dis Aquat Org 97:207-218. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02417

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