DAO 99:187-196 (2012)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02466

Sodium alginate from Sargassum wightii retards mortalities in Penaeus monodon postlarvae challenged with white spot syndrome virus

Grasian Immanuel*, Madasasmy Sivagnanavelmurugan, Varatharajan Balasubramanian, Arunachalam Palavesam

Marine Biotechnology Division, Centre for Marine Science and Technology Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam-629502, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India

ABSTRACT: Sodium alginate extracted from brown seaweed Sargassum wightii (16.35 ± 1.42%, mean [±SD] yield from 5 extractions) was prepared as a powder or beads and used to enrich Artemia nauplii at concentrations of 100, 200, 300 and 400 mg l−1. The alginate-enriched nauplii were fed to Penaeus monodon shrimp postlarvae (PL) stage 15 (PL15, i.e. 15 d old) for 20 d. Mean weight gain and specific growth rate over this period were 0.24 g and 15.8%, respectively, in PL groups not fed alginate, and 0.20−0.28 g and 14.7−16.5%, respectively, in PL groups fed alginate. Amongst PL35 then challenged with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) by immersion, all PL not fed alginate died within 9 d. However, amongst PL fed the 4 concentrations of alginate powder or beads, mortality rates reduced with increasing alginate concentration, and between 25 and 32% PL remained alive when the bioassay was terminated on Day 21. Amongst alginate-fed PL groups compared with the control group, mortality was reduced by 26.5 to 58.4%. Nested PCR detection of WSSV revealed sodium alginate concentration-dependent reductions in infection loads. The data indicate that sodium alginate extracted from brown seaweed and fed to P. monodon can retard progression of WSSV disease.


KEY WORDS: Tiger shrimp · WSSV · Brown seaweed · Algal extract · Microbeads · Viral disease · PCR


Full text in pdf format 
Cite this article as: Immanuel G, Sivagnanavelmurugan M, Balasubramanian V, Palavesam A (2012) Sodium alginate from Sargassum wightii retards mortalities in Penaeus monodon postlarvae challenged with white spot syndrome virus. Dis Aquat Org 99:187-196. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02466

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
- -