ESEP 8:pp6 (2008)  -   doi: 10.3354/esep00079

THEME SECTION
Lost in publication: how measurement harms science

Peter A. Lawrence*

Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK, and MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK

ABSTRACT: Measurement of scientific productivity is difficult. The measures used (impact factor of the journal, citations to the paper being measured) are crude. But these measures are now so universally adopted that they determine most things that matter: tenure or unemployment, a postdoctoral grant or none, success or failure. As a result, scientists have been forced to downgrade their primary aim from making discoveries to publishing as many papers as possible—and trying to work them into high impact factor journals. Consequently, scientific behaviour has become distorted and the utility, quality and objectivity of articles has deteriorated. Changes to the way scientists are assessed are urgently needed, and I suggest some here.


KEY WORDS: Impact factors · Citations · h-index · Measurement · Scientific careers


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ESEP THEME SECTION: The use and misuse of bibliometric indices in evaluating scholarly performance