ESR 13:159-161 (2011)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00336

OVERVIEW
Primate conservation: measuring and mitigating trade in primates

V. Nijman1,*, K. A. I. Nekaris1, G. Donati1,2 M. Bruford3, J. Fa4

1School of Social Sciences and Law, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK
2Department of Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, University of Pisa, Via Volta 6, 56126 Pisa, Italy
3Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3AX, UK
4Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, Les Augrès Manor, La Profonde Rue, Trinity, Jersey JE3 5BP, UK

ABSTRACT: Trade in primates is seen as a significant impediment to their conservation. Primates are traded both domestically and internationally, in order to supply, amongst others, biomedical industries and pharmaceutical markets, the entertainment business, or pet markets. Primate meat is consumed globally, whereas body parts are used as ingredients in traditional medicine or sold as curios. All international trade in primates is regulated through the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), to which all but 2 primate range countries are signatory. The last 15 years has seen a linear increase in the export of live primates (each year 3500 more individuals are exported), with China being, numerically, the largest exporter. While the trade in live primates worldwide involves tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of individuals a year, the trade in dead primates involves millions of animals a year. We introduce here a series of studies dealing with various aspects of the primate trade. We hope that these studies will urge others to quantify the extent of trade in primates alive and dead in both domestic and international contexts, allowing us to find ways to mitigate the consequences of this trade to the conservation of primates.


KEY WORDS: Bushmeat · CITES · Conservation · Reintroduction · Wildlife trade


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Cite this article as: Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Donati G, Bruford M, Fa J (2011) Primate conservation: measuring and mitigating trade in primates. Endang Species Res 13:159-161. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00336

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