ESR 27:119-130 (2015)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00659

REVIEW
Current status of the Dalmatian pelican and the great white pelican populations of the Black Sea/Mediterranean flyway

Giorgos Catsadorakis1,*, Ortaç Onmuş2, Sebastian Bugariu3, Orhan Gül2, Dionyssia Hatzilacou4, Ohad Hatzofe5, Myrsini Malakou1, Tanyo Michev6, Theodoros Naziridis7, Haris Nikolaou1, Antonina Rudenko8, Darko Saveljic9, Spase Shumka10, Mehmet Sıkı2, Alain J. Crivelli11

1Society for the Protection of Prespa, 530 77 Agios Germanos, Greece
2Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Natural History Museum—Ege University Bornova, 35100 Izmir, Turkey
3Romanian Ornithological Society/BirdLife Romania, 3 Hristo Botev Blvd, Bucharest, Romania
4Special Agency for the Coordination of Environmental Projects (SACEP), Ministry of Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Iteas 2 & Evrytanias St, 11523 Athens, Greece
5Israel Nature & Parks Authority, 3 Am Veolamo St, Jerusalem, 95463 Israel
6Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Researches, 1113 Sofia, 2 Gagarin St, Bulgaria
7Kerkini National Park Management Body, Kerkini, 620 55 Kato Poroia, Greece
8National Natural Park ‘Dzharilgachsky’, 3 Volodarskogo St, Skadovsk 75700, Ukraine
9Center for Protection and Research of Birds of Montenegro, Piperska 370a, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
10Faculty of Biotechnology and Food, Agricultural University of Tirana, 1000 Tirana, Albania
11Station Biologique de la Tour du Valat, Le Sambuc, 13200 Arles, France
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The Dalmatian pelican (DP) Pelecanus crispus and the great white pelican (GWP) Pelecanus onocrotalus are listed as ‘Vulnerable’ and ‘Least Concern’, respectively, in the IUCN Red List. We present an updated estimation of the Black Sea/Mediterranean flyway population status of both species, based on data provided by experts working in all 7 countries of the region where pelicans breed and/or overwinter, who came together at the 1st Workshop on Pelican Research and Conservation in Prespa, Greece. The DP breeding population in the Black Sea and Mediterranean countries increased from 1730-2105 pairs in the years 2000-2010 to 2154-2437 pairs in 2011-2012. Approximately 40% of the Palaearctic breeding population of GWP occurred in Southeast Europe and Turkey. In 2011-2012 the GWP population in this region was estimated to be 4702-5175 pairs, and has remained more or less stable during the last decade. Although all the breeding sites for both species are in protected areas, disturbance at nesting places was considered to be the main threat. Direct persecution and electric power lines still cause occasional problems. In deltaic lagoons, erosion and inundation of nesting sites cause breeding failures in DPs, while in inland wetlands large water level fluctuations are a widespread problem. Decrease of fish stocks is a threat, especially in coastal areas. Many stop-over wetlands along GWP migration routes between Southeast Europe and Africa have been seriously degraded or have disappeared, resulting in serious implications for their populations. Conservation needs are listed, but further research is recommended for both species.


KEY WORDS: Black Sea/Mediterranean flyway · Conservation status · Dalmatian pelican · Great white pelican · Pelecanus crispus · Pelecanus onocrotalus · Pelicans


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Cite this article as: Catsadorakis G, Onmuş O, Bugariu S, Gül O and others (2015) Current status of the Dalmatian pelican and the great white pelican populations of the Black Sea/Mediterranean flyway. Endang Species Res 27:119-130. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00659

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