ESR 3:181-189 (2007)  -  doi:10.3354/esr003181

Distribution, population assessment and conservation of the endemic Bermuda killifishes Fundulus bermudae and Fundulus relictus

Mark E. Outerbridge1,*, John Davenport2, Anne F. Glasspool1

1Bermuda Biodiversity Project, Bermuda Zoological Society, PO Box FL 145, Flatts, FL BX, Bermuda
2Department of Zoology, Ecology & Plant Science, University College Cork, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, Ireland

ABSTRACT: Fundulus bermudae and Fundulus relictus are endemic to Bermuda and are protected under the Bermuda Protected Species Act 2003. These killifishes were described as abundant and widespread in the wetland communities of Bermuda during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Surveys were undertaken during 2004–2005 to determine the current distribution, as well as to estimate the size and structure of each Fundulus population. Killifishes are now found in only 9 isolated ponds. For 6 ponds, populations appear to be large enough to be self-sustaining for the foreseeable future; for 1 pond, the population is low enough to be regarded as vulnerable. Estimates were not feasible in the case of the remaining 2 ponds.


KEY WORDS: Anchialine ponds · Bermuda · Fundulus bermudae · Fundulus relictus · Killifishes · Mark and recapture · Visible implant elastomer


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Cite this article as: Outerbridge ME, Davenport J, Glasspool AF (2007) Distribution, population assessment and conservation of the endemic Bermuda killifishes Fundulus bermudae and Fundulus relictus. Endang Species Res 3:181-189. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr003181

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