ESR 6:113-125 (2008)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00087

REVIEW
Conservation planning and the IUCN Red List

M. Hoffmann1,2,*, T. M. Brooks1,3,4, G. A. B. da Fonseca5,6, C. Gascon 7, A. F. A. Hawkins7, R. E. James8, P. Langhammer9, R. A. Mittermeier7, J. D. Pilgrim10, A. S. L. Rodrigues11, J. M. C. Silva12

1Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, Virginia 22202, USA
2IUCN Species Programme, IUCN—International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Rue Mauverney, 1196 Gland, Switzerland
3World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna 4031, Philippines
4School of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
5Global Environment Facility, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
6Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Antonio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte MG
31270-901, Brazil
7Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, Virginia 22202, USA
8Conservation International Melanesia Centre for Biodiversity Conservation, PO Box 106, Waigani, NCD, Papua New Guinea
9School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, PO Box 874501, Tempe, Arizona 85287-4501, USA
10BirdLife International in Indochina, N6/2+3, Ngo 25, Lang Ha, Ba Dinh, Hanoi, Vietnam
11Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
12Conservation International—Brazil, Av. Gov. José Malcher 652, 2o. Andar, Ed. CAPEMI, Bairro: Nazaré, 66035-100, Belém, Pará, Brazil

ABSTRACT: Systematic conservation planning aims to identify comprehensive protected area networks that together will minimize biodiversity loss. Importantly, conservation planners seek to determine where to allocate limited resources first, particularly given the uneven spread of, and threats to, biodiversity. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species incorporates data not only on threats to species, but also on species distributions and ecological requirements. These temporal and spatial attributes, when combined with other datasets, have proven useful for determining the most urgent priority areas for conserving biodiversity, from the global level down to the scale of individual sites. Although many challenges remain, the increasing reliability and comprehensiveness of the IUCN Red List suggests that its role as a source of biodiversity data in systematic conservation planning is certain to expand dramatically.


KEY WORDS: IUCN Red List · Conservation planning · Threatened species · Biodiversity conservation · Protected areas


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Cite this article as: Hoffmann M, Brooks TM, Fonseca GAB, Gascon C and others (2008) Conservation planning and the IUCN Red List. Endang Species Res 6:113-125. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00087

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