MEPS 127:213-221 (1995)  -  doi:10.3354/meps127213

Influences of riverine humic substances on bacteria, protozoa, phytoplankton, and copepods in a coastal plankton community

Carlsson P, Granéli E, Tester P, Boni L

The effects of additions of humic substances (derived from river water) on bacteria, protozoa, phytoplankton, and copepods in a coastal plankton community from the Skagerrak (west coast of Sweden) were studied in an enclosure experiment. Bacterial numbers and bacterial production were significantly higher in the humic treatment compared with non-humic treatment. Tintinnids and oligotrich ciliates also attained higher densities in the humic treatment than in non-humic treatment, probably reflecting higher food availability due to the increased bacterial production. Phytoplankton biomass and primary production were slightly higher in the humic treatment compared with the non-humic treatment. The growth of dinoflagellates and small flagellates was enhanced by humic addition. The number of copepods and nauplii became significantly lower in the humic treatments. Thus, the humic addition affected the 'microbial loop' positively, but the increase in nutrient regeneration substantially increased neither phytoplankton growth nor copepod production.


Humic substances . Organic nitrogen . Microbial loop . Dinoflagellates


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