MEPS 137:25-37 (1996)  -  doi:10.3354/meps137025

Selection for fast growth during the larval life of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua on the Scotian Shelf

Meekan MG, Fortier L

We tested the hypothesis that fast growing Atlantic cod Gadus morhua survived better than their population of origin in the winters of 1991-1992 and 1992-1993 on the Scotian Shelf (northwest Atlantic). Survivors were defined as fish >90 d of age at capture which comprised epibenthic juveniles >20 mm sampled mainly near the bottom. The majority of larvae and juveniles aged <=90 d at capture were sampled with a midwater trawl and were assumed to be representative of the pelagic population (survivors + non-survivors) from which epibenthic survivors originated. Standard length corrected for shrinkage was linearly correlated to lapillar radius (r2 = 0.97). Individual growth histories were reconstructed from the width of lapillar increments. Selection for fast growth was weak in the winter of 1991-1992 and back-calculated growth and length at age of survivors were not significantly larger than that of the population (repeated-measures MANOVA). In winter 1992-1993, a strong selection for fast growth was evident in late larvae 41 to 80 d old. The divergence in length at age between survivors and the population reached 4 mm at an age of 70 d, corresponding to a 13 d reduction in the duration of the larval phase. Survivors in the winter of 1992-1993 had larger hatch marks than the population, suggesting that the potential for fast growth may be reflected in traits present at hatching. Our results support the hypothesis that fast growth increases the survivorship of Atlantic cod during larval life in the plankton and indicate that the intensity of size-selective mortality may vary considerably from year to year.

Growth selection . Fish larvae . Atlantic cod

Full text in pdf format