MEPS 139:281-287 (1996)  -  doi:10.3354/meps139281

Automatic classification of field-collected dinoflagellates by artificial neural network

Culverhouse PF, Simpson RG, Ellis R, Lindley JA, Williams R, Parisini T, Reguera B, Bravo I, Zoppoli R, Earnshaw G, McCall H, Smith G

Automatic taxonomic categorisation of 23 species of dinoflagellates was demonstrated using field-collected specimens. These dinoflagellates have been responsible for the majority of toxic and noxious phytoplankton blooms which have occurred in the coastal waters of the European Union in recent years and make severe impact on the aquaculture industry. The performance by human 'expert' ecologists/taxonomists in identifying these species was compared to that achieved by 2 artificial neural network classifiers (multilayer perceptron and radial basis function networks) and 2 other statistical techniques, k-Nearest Neighbour and Quadratic Discriminant Analysis. The neural network classifiers outperform the classical statistical techniques. Over extended trials, the human experts averaged 85% while the radial basis network achieved a best performance of 83%, the multilayer perceptron 66%, k-Nearest Neighbour 60%, and the Quadratic Discriminant Analysis 56%.


Taxonomic categorisation · Neural networks · Dinoflagellates


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