MEPS 140:207-216 (1996) - doi:10.3354/meps140207
Impact of chromophoric dissolved organic matter on UV inhibition of primary productivity in the sea
Arrigo KR, Brown CW
A model was developed to assess the impact of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) on phytoplankton production within the euphotic zone. The rate of depth-integrated daily gross primary productivity within the euphotic zone (integralzGPPez) was evaluated as a function of date, latitude, CDOM absorption (aCDOM) characteristics, chlorophyll a (chl a) concentration, vertical stratification, and phytoplankton sensitivity to UV radiation (UVR). Results demonstrated that primary production was enhanced in the upper ~30 m of the water column by the presence of CDOM, where predicted increases in production due to the removal of damaging UVR more than offset its reduction resulting from the absorption of photosynthetically usable radiation. At greater depths, where little UVR remained, primary production was always reduced due to removal by CDOM of photosynthetically usable radiation. When CDOM was distributed homogeneously within the euphotic zone, integralzGPPez was reduced under most bio-optical (i.e. solar zenith angle, chl a and CDOM absorption, and ozone concentration) and photophysiological (i.e. sensitivity to UVR) conditions because the predicted reduction in primary production at depth was greater than the enhancement of production at the surface. A reduction in integralzGPPez was also predicted when CDOM or phytoplankton was restricted to near-surface waters (~30 m) and CDOM absorption was moderate [aCDOM(450) > 0.015 m-1]. integralzGPPez, however, was enhanced when CDOM or phytoplankton was restricted to a very shallow surface layer (~10 m), even if CDOM absorption was high [aCDOM(lambda) at 450 nm ~0.07 m-1]. Changes in integralzGPPez resulting from the presence of CDOM were only slightly sensitive to ozone concentrations. In well-mixed waters where the flux of UVB is relatively high, such as in the Southern Ocean when the ozone hole is present, the presence of CDOM should result in little or no enhancement of integralzGPPez, although phytoplankton production would be expected to increase somewhat in surface waters.
CDOM · UV · Photosynthesis · Primary production
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