MEPS 190:125-132 (1999)  -  doi:10.3354/meps190125

Comparison of multivariate patterns: different taxonomic levels in macrofaunal analysis versus sediment profiling imagery (SPI)

Heye Rumohr1,*, Ioannis Karakassis2

1Institut für Meereskunde, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany
2Institute of Marine Biology of Crete, PO Box 2214, 71003 Heraklion, Crete, Greece

ABSTRACT: The multivariate patterns resulting from analyses of macrobenthic abundance data at different taxonomic levels are compared to the pattern derived from various measurements obtained through sediment profiling imagery (SPI). A time-series data set from 1 station in Kiel Bay (Western Baltic) at 22 m depth including macrobenthic and SPI replicates covering 8 yr (1989 to 1996) was analyzed by means of multidimensional scaling (MDS) ordination. The macrobenthos data showed similar patterns, and there was little information loss, with decreasing taxonomic resolution from species to phylum level. The multivariate pattern in the SPI data was not significantly correlated to any of the macrofaunal patterns. However, macrofaunal and SPI patterns seemed to be complementary since they emphasized different aspects of the long-term succession in the Southern Baltic Sea. While macrofaunal patterns were sensitive to anoxia events, changes of SPI-recorded seabed characteristics were primarily related to physical disturbances possibly due to variations in fishing intensity.

KEY WORDS: Macrobenthos monitoring · Sediment profiling imagery (SPI) · Taxonomic resolution · Western Baltic · Multivariate analysis

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