MEPS 251:27-36 (2003)  -  doi:10.3354/meps251027

Rapid response of a deep-sea benthic community to POM enrichment: an in situ experimental study

U. Witte1,*, N. Aberle1,2, M. Sand1, F. Wenzhöfer1,3

1Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstr. 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2Present address: Max Planck Institute for Limnology, PO Box 165, 24302 Plön, Germany
3Present address: Marine Biological Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, Strandpromenaden 5, 3000 Helsingør, Denmark

ABSTRACT: A series of in situ enrichment experiments was carried out at 1265 m water depth in the Sognefjord on the west coast of Norway in order to follow the short-term fate of freshly settled phytodetritus in a deep-sea sediment. For all experiments, a deep-sea benthic chamber lander system was used. In the lander chambers, a settling spring bloom was simulated by the injection of 0.2 g of freeze-dried Thalassiosira rotula, an equivalent of 1 g organic C m-2. The algae were 98% 13C labeled, thus enabling us to follow the processing of the carbon by bacteria and macrofauna. Experiment duration varied from 8 h to 3 d. The total oxygen consumption of the sediments increased by approximately 25% due to particulate organic matter (POM) enrichment. Macrofauna organisms became immediately labeled with 13C. After 3 d, 100% of the individuals sampled down to 10 cm sediment depth had taken up 13C from the phytodetritus added. Bacterial uptake of the tracer was fast too, and even bacteria in deeper sediment layers had incorporated the fresh material within 3 d. Our study documents the rapid downward mixing of labile organic matter and the importance of macrofauna for this process. We present the first evidence for the immediate breakdown and incorporation of POM by bacteria even in deep sediment layers. Surprisingly, the initial processing of carbon was dominated by macrofauna, although the group comprises <5% of the benthic biomass. Altogether, approximately 5% of the carbon added had been processed within 3 d, with the majority being released from the sediment as CO2. Due to the good comparability of our study site with mid-slope settings at continental margins, in general, we propose that the processes we observed are widespread at continental margins and are significant for the biogeochemical cycling of particulate matter on the slope.

KEY WORDS: Continental slope · Deep-sea · Pulse-chase experiment · δ13C · Benthic carbon remineralization · Macrofauna · Bacteria · SCOC

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