MEPS 265:31-43 (2003)  -  doi:10.3354/meps265031

Plankton carbon budget in a coastal wind-driven upwelling station off A Coruña (NW Iberian Peninsula)

Eva Teira1,2,*, Julio Abalde3, María Teresa Álvarez-Ossorio4, Antonio Bode4, Carlos Cariño1, Ángeles Cid3, Emilio Fernández1, Nicolás González4, Jorge Lorenzo4, Joaquín Valencia3, Manuel Varela4

1Universidad de Vigo, Facultad de Ciencias, 36200 Vigo, Spain
2Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), PO Box 59, 1790 AB, Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands
3Universidad de A Coruña, Facultad de Ciencias, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
4Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Costero de A Coruña, 15080 A Coruña, Spain

ABSTRACT: Seasonal variations in phytoplankton and bacterial biomass along with rates of primary production, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release, bacterial production, dark respiration and vertical particle flux were determined from December 1998 to September 1999 at a coastal station off A Coruña (NW Spain) affected by episodes of wind-driven upwelling. Maximum phytoplankton biomass and production was associated with upwelling events. Bacterial biomass remained relatively constant throughout the study and was always lower than phytoplankton biomass. Depth-integrated rates of DOC release, which ranged from 0.2 to 3.1 gC m-2 d-1, were not a constant fraction of the total amount of carbon incorporated by primary producers. On average, DOC release accounted for 37 ± 7% of total primary production, and the highest values were measured during low-productivity periods. The supply of DOC by microplankton was globally sufficient to support the estimated bacterial activity, although a temporal shift between DOC release and bacterial consumption was observed. Primary production exceeded respiration during most of the seasonal study, with production/respiration ratios ranging from 1 to 7. The annual averaged daily net community production was 253 (±105) mmol O2 m-2 d-1. The amount of particulate organic carbon exported from the euphotic layer was 1 to 86% of total primary production. The results of this study indicate that the coastal system is autotrophic, and suggest that most of the organic matter produced photosynthetically was channelled through the microbial food web.

KEY WORDS: Plankton carbon biomass · Primary production · Dissolved organic carbon release · Bacterial production · Microbial community respiration · Sinking carbon · NW Iberian Peninsula

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