MEPS 350:245-254 (2007)  -  doi:10.3354/meps07192

Bait attraction affects the performance of remote underwater video stations in assessment of demersal fish community structure

Euan S. Harvey1,4,*, Mike Cappo2, James J. Butler1, Norm Hall3, Gary A. Kendrick1,4

1School of Plant Biology (Botany M090), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
2Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville MC, Queensland 4810, Australia
3Centre for Fish and Fisheries Research, School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
4CRC for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterway Management, School of Plant Biology (Botany M090), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia

ABSTRACT: Discriminating marine fish assemblages at broad scales can be difficult because of heterogeneity within their habitats, variability in patterns of behaviour and abundance of fish between habitats, and sampling biases in extractive fishing techniques when used across a range of habitats. Remote underwater video stations have recently been developed to help overcome these problems, but the use of bait as an attractant raises questions about bias towards scavengers and predators in samples of fish communities. We compared the ability of baited and unbaited underwater video stations to discriminate between fish assemblages inhabiting distinct benthic habitats in temperate and tropical continental shelf waters in Australia, to help test whether the bait attracted predatory and scavenging species to the video in disproportionate numbers in comparison to other trophic groups, such as herbivores. Data from baited video cameras displayed a clearer discrimination in constrained canonical analysis of principal coordinates of fish assemblages between marine habitats in both tropical and temperate environments. Analysis of the key trophic groups indicated that bait attracted greater numbers of predatory and scavenging species without decreasing the abundances of herbivorous or omnivorous fishes. There was greater similarity between replicate samples from baited video within habitats, implying that the use of bait will provide better statistical power to detect spatial and temporal changes in the structure of fish assemblages and the relative abundances of individual species within them.


KEY WORDS: Demersal fish assemblages · Underwater video stations · Bait · Remote sampling


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Cite this article as: Harvey ES, Cappo M, Butler JJ, Hall N, Kendrick GA (2007) Bait attraction affects the performance of remote underwater video stations in assessment of demersal fish community structure. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 350:245-254

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